Ascocentrum miniatum

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Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Vandeae
Subtribe: Aeridinae
Alliance: Vanda
Genus: Ascocentrum
Species: Ascocentrum miniatum

Plant blooms from Winter to Spring with many 1.2 to 1.5 cm wide flowers, and can grow up to 30 cm tall. The plant is very similar to Ascocentrum garayi but differs by having a much narrower petals, a recurved lip, and more transparent veiny flowers.

Chromosome count of Asctm. miniatum is 2n = 38. When hybridizing with Asctm. miniatum the F1 generation usually contain plants with orange or orange-yellow regardless of the other parent’s color.

Plants grow in humid forest of Assam, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Malaysia, Philippines, Sumatra at elevations of 0 to 1200 meters.

Plants are best grown hanged in baskets and on mounted and require bright to full sunlight and intermediate to warm temperatures. If hunged the roots must be watered frequently. Slightly reduce watering in the winter. Plants should be grown in media that is well drained such as tree fern fibers (for small plants), several pieces of coarse fir bark, or sphagnum moss.

Source : http://orchids.wikia.com/wiki/Ascocentrum_miniatum

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Grammatophyllum speciosum

Grammatophyllum_speciosum_large

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Cymbidieae
Subtribe: Cyrtopodiinae
Alliance: Cymbidium
Genus: Grammatophyllum
Species: G. speciosum

It is an epiphytic and occasionally a lithophytic plant, forming spectacular root bundles. Its cylindric pseudobulbs can grow to a length of 2.5 m. It can grow to gigantic clusters weighing from several hundred kilograms to more than one ton.

Each raceme can grow to a height of 3m, bearing up to eighty flowers, each 10 cm wide. The flowers are yellow colored with maroon or dark red spots. These flowers are remarkable, since the lowest flowers have no lip and these flowers function as osmophores for the entire inflorescence and continue to emit chemical scent to attract pollinators as flowers open in succession. It blooms only once every two to four years. This orchid can, however, remain in bloom for up to two months.

  • Giant orchid, not to be confused with Pteroglossaspis ecristata (Fernald) Rolfe  or Barlia robertiana, both of which are also commonly called the giant orchid.
  • Tiger orchid, not to be confused with Rossioglossum grande or Maxillaria species, both are also called tiger orchid.
  • Queen of the orchids, not to be confused with Cattleya species
  • Sugar cane orchid, for its resemblance to a sugarcane plant of the genus Saccharum

It is native to New Guinea, Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines, growing in crotches of large trees on exposed areas of the lowland tropical rainforest.

Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatophyllum_speciosum

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Terrestrial orchid

As their name would indicate, terrestrial orchids are those that grow best on the ground; the most popular orchids commonly found in households around the world belong to the terrestrial orchid family.

The Roots

While the roots of terrestrial orchids grow beneath lightly packed soil, or other types of potting media, many varieties of this orchid are semi-terrestrial which means that they have both aerial growing roots and underground root. Cymbidium orchids are an excellent example of a semi-terrestrial orchid as they thrive in the loosely packed debris of decaying leaves and wood that is often located on the floors of forests. However, Cymbidium orchids can also grow incredibly well on the sides of trees and rocks.

Care And Popularity

Terrestrial types of orchids tend to be the more popular choice of orchids largely due to the relative ease of care involved with them. While all orchids do require a fair bit of general care to ensure their optimal health, terrestrial orchids require slightly less specialised treatment than their epiphyte counterparts do.

Growing In Your Home

When you are growing a terrestrial orchid in your home it is important that you ensure that your orchid receives the correct amount of daily light that it requires. Your orchid’s roots should be loosely covered by a specialised orchid potting mix that will allow for a good amount of air circulation and moisture retention.

 

Source: http://orchidcareresources.com/types-of-orchids/

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Dactylorhiza Orchid

Dactylorhiza is a genus of terrestrial orchid plants in the family Orchidaceae, comprising about 75 species and hundreds of hybrids. The genus name is derived from Greek words dactylos meaning finger, and rhiza which means root, in referring to the palmately two- to five-lobed tubers of this genus. It is distributed throughout the subarctic and temperate northern hemisphere, from Alaska, Canada and mostly Eurasian countries.

Dactylorhiza is tuberous geophyte that grows in wet meadows, bogs, heathland and in areas sparsely populated by trees. Its tuber can store large amount of water to survive arid conditions. The leaves are long, lanceolate, and speckled in most species, and grow along a long stem, 70-90 cm. The leaves lower on the stem are longer than the leaves higher on the stem. The inflorescence is a short, compact raceme with 25-50 flowers. The flowers are ranged from all shades of pink to purple, and with darker spots.

Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Common Spotted orchid) is the most common orchid in Britain. It can be found growing in alkaline marshes to chalk downland. The plant, 15-60 cm tall, has leaves that are lanceolate, narrow, keeled and often spotted with dark color. From June to August, it bears flowers of varying colors, from white to pale purple with purple spots. The flower has three-lobed lip.

Dactylorhiza incarnata (Early Marsh Orchid) is a perennial, temperate-climate orchid that occurs widely in Europe and Asia. The plant, 15-70 cm tall, has 4-7 erect yellowish-green leaves that are hooded at the tip. The flowering period is from May to mid-July, depending on subspecies and latitude. The inflorescence is a compact raceme of 4-12 cm long, with up to 50 flowers. The flower has a long and narrow labellum with three shallowly-lobed tip.

 

Source : http://www.our-orchid-garden.com/dactylorhiza.htm

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Orchid in Medical Uses

Bletilla is used in Herbal Medicine (bai ji). When employed in herbal remedies, the tuber is peeled and dried in the sun, then cut into slices or ground into a powder.

Bletilla is associated with the Lung, Stomach and Liver meridians in traditional Chinese medicine, and has a bitter taste and cool properties. Its main functions are to reduce swelling and stop bleeding in the lungs and stomach. It is often used with gelatin, donkey glue and cuttlefish bone as part of a larger herbal formula.

Among the modern uses for bletilla are treatment of sores, ulcers and chapped skin. Because of its astringent properties, Bletilla is often used to stop bleeding caused by traumatic injuries, heal wounds, reduce swelling, and promote regeneration of tissue. When used with other herbs, bletilla can help treat coughs and phlegmy obstructions.

The typical dose of Bletilla depends on the condition being treated. Usually, practitioners recommend between 3 and 15 grams of bletilla, taken as a powder. Larger amounts can be applied to the skin, usually mixed with sesame oil.

Whole, dried Bletilla root is sold at many herbal shops, Asian markets and specialty stores. Bletilla powder is widely available, as are some decoctions that contain Bletilla.

Bletilla is incompatible with aconite root, and therefore should not be taken with aconite root or any formulas that contain it. As of this writing, there are no known drug interactions with bletilla. As always, make sure to consult with a licensed health care provider before taking bletilla or any other herbal remedy or dietary supplement.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bletilla

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Bletilla Orchid

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Arethuseae
Subtribe: Coelogyninae
Alliance: Calanthe
Genus: Bletilla

Bletilla is a temperate, terrestrial genus of orchids containing 9 species distributed through China, Japan and Taiwan and Vietnam. The name is actually a diminutive of Bletia because of the resemblance between the two genera even though Bletia is a New World genus. The genera Jimensia Raf. andPolytoma Lour. ex Gomes are generally included into Bletilla. This genus is abbreviated Ble in trade journals.

The pseudobulbs resemble spreading corms which usually sit at ground level. Each pseudobulb generally bears several pleated leaves around 40cm long. The racemes of flowers emerge from the center of the years new growth before it is mature, during spring and early summer. The flowers vary in color from white to purple, and all species have four pollinia. The tubers resemble a horn or claw. They are grayish-white or yellowish-white in appearance, with concentric rings and brown rootlets. They have a hard texture and do not break easily.

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Cypripedium Orchid

Kingdom     : Plantae

Order           : Asparagales

Family        : Orchidaceae

Subfamily  : Cypripedioideae

Tribe           : Cypripedieae

Subtribe     : Cypripediina

Genus          : Cypripedium

Growing specie cypripediums in the garden is relatively easy providing the right species are selected and the right conditions provided. There are some 65 species of cypripediums, all found within the northern hemisphere, ranging from Mexico to Siberia. There are, however, only a limited number which are seed grown or divisions of legally held plants. In particular there are only a few Chinese species which are bred. Any of the rarer species offered for sale are undoubtedly from illegally obtained stock.

It must be realised that any species obtained from outside Europe must have both CITES and phyto-sanitary certificates. Before looking at the individual species and their requirements it is important to be aware of the general cultural needs of cypripediums.

Hybrid cypripediums are the best way for new enthusiasts to learn to grow cypripediums in the garden or cold greenhouse. They, of course, exhibit hybrid vigour and are far less demanding than some of the species. Equally important is the fact that they have to be artificially raised so their production can have no impact on wild populations and it is obvious they are from bred stock.

Cypripedium hybrids are fully hardy and capable of taking temperatures below freezing but do not like hot summer temperatures. (they will take higher temperatures than many of the species). They should be grown in semi-shade with limited midday sun. They must never be water logged nor conversely allowed to dry out in the summer.

They should be grown in semi-shade with limited midday sun. They must never be water logged nor conversely allowed to dry out in the summer. This makes them ideal for cool slightly damp north facing aspects. Whilst they will grow in shrubberies or woodland they should not be too close to trees or large shrubs as they are unable to compete for moisture and nutrients. Suitable associate species include ferns, epimedium and smaller hostas. They also thrive when planted under a ground cover of Leptinella.

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Dracula mopus

Kingdom     : Plantae

Divisi            : Magnoliophyta

Class              : Liliopsida

Order            : Asparagales

Family          : Orchidaceae

Subfamily   : Epidendroideae

Tribe             : Epidendreae

Sub tribe      : Pleurothallidinae

Species         : Dracula mopus

 

Year Classified: 1978
Elevation Range (m): 650 – 1500
Discoverer: F. C. Lehmann
Countries: Ecuador

Flower Size 1/2” [1.25 cm]

A southern Ecuadorian species found in montane cloud forests at 400-1500 meters elevation as a miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with a very short ramicaul enveloped basally by 2 to 3 acuminate, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, narrowly elliptic leaf that is conduplicate below into the petiole that can bloom from winter through summer in situ on a pendant, to 6” [15 cm] long, bracteate, successively 1 to 2 flowered inflorescence that arises from the base of the ramicaul . Keep plant in partial shade. Plant can be grown in cold to cool conditions. Pot the plant in fine bark with perlite or sphagnum moss. Water regularly and keep potting media moist.

Source : http://www.draculaspecies.com/dracula-mopsus & http://orchids.wikia.com/wiki/Dracula_mopsus

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Cymbidium Little Black Sambo Black Magic

Cymbidium Little Black Sambo Black Magic, in common called Cymbidium Black Magic, is a cross-breading between Cymbidium canaliculatum and Cymbidium madidum with very dark maroon blooms. Cymbidium Black Magic, what a name for a beautiful orchid, but it shows us the desire for the “black orchid”. Over the centuries orchid collectors been hunting all around the world for the mysterious black orchid. As we know, it hasn´t been found yet, so orchid breaders try their best to produce an orchid clone with black flowers.

Colour: Black

Flowering Time:  Late Season (October/November)

Flower Size: 40-50mm

Spike Habit: Cascading

Flower Count: Expect 30+ flowers per spike once plant reaches a size of 2-3 bulbs and 60+ Flowers once it reaches 4-5 bulbs

source : http://www.orchids-flowers.com/orchids/cymbidium-little-black-sambo-black-magic/

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Bartholina ethelae

Spesies:
  Genus:   Bartholina
  Sub Family:   Orchidoideae
  Family:   Orchidaceae
  Ordo:   Asparagales
  Klas:   Liliopsida
  Subtribe:
  Tribe:
  Devisi:   Magnoliophyta
  Kingdom:   Plantae
Deskripsi

Genus ini terdiri dari dua spesies anggrek. Anggrek ini tumbuh berupa anggrek tanah yang tumbuh pada tanah kompos berpasir dan suhu dingin yang lembab.

Sebaran

Endemik di propinsi Cape Town di Afrika Selatan

Keterangan

Spesies 1.Bartholina ethelae Bolus 1884

Sumber : http://www.iptek.net.id

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