Peristeria elata, also known as the Holy Ghost Orchid or the Dove Orchid, has captured the imaginations of people all over the world with its tall spikes of fragrant white flowers. The plant is the national flower of Panama and is treasured by collectors. Its popularity, though, has actually imperiled the plant in the wild: Peristeria elata has been gathered almost to the point of extinction in its natural habitat. Orchid enthusiasts have successfully cultivated the plant in nurseries, though, and specimens are now widely available to collectors. By purchasing your P. elata from a trusted grower and growing your own, you can help decrease the demand for illegally collected plants. Here’s how to do it.
Kingdom : Plantae
Divisi : Magnoliophyta
Kelas : Liliopsida
Family : Orchidaceae
SubFamily : Orchidoideae
Genus : Barlia
Anggrek ini tumbuh dari batang akar yang tertimbun di dalam tanah. Pseudobulb berbentuk ovoid atau bulat dengan daun panjang yang muncul terminal. Perbungaan tersusun dari banyak bunga yang berbau harum.
Genus ini terdiri dari spesies anggrek tanah yang tumbuh pada iklim sedang hingga dingin.
sumber : http://budidayaukm.blogspot.com
Kingdom : Plantae
Divisi : Magnoliophyta
Kelas : Liliopsida
Ordo : Asparagales
Family : Orchidaceae
SubFamily : Orchidaceae
Genus : Benthamia
Orchid plants such as the Doritaenopsis — a cross between Doritis and Phalaenopsis orchids — can be fickle to grow, especially since they’re hybrid orchids. The right environment, though, can keep your orchids beautiful and constantly blooming during the growing season. If you have the right general environmental set up for a Doritaenopsis — 60 degree temperatures in Zone 10 hardiness — you can grow varieties like the Golden Vivien or Happy Valentine to brighten up your home.
Kingdom : Plantae
Order : Asparagales
Family : Orchidaceae
Subfamily : Epidendroideae
Tribe : Maxillareae
Subtribe : Oncidiinae
Alliance : Oncidium
Genus : Odontoglossum
Species : Odontoglossum cruentum
Odontoglossum cruentum, the Blood-red Odontoglossum, is a species of orchid found from Ecuador to Peru. Orchidaceae, commonly referred to as the Orchid family, is a morphologically diverse and widespread family of monocots. It is currently believed to be the second largest family of flowering plants (only the Asteraceae is larger), with between 21,950 and 26,049 currently accepted species, found in 880 genera.The number of orchid species equals more than twice the number of bird species, and about four times the number of mammal species. It also encompasses about 6-11% of all seed plants.The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species).
Most of the Schomburgkia, but not all, had a very unique characteristic. Their pseudobulbs were hollow. Ants would create nests in the dead bulbs and form a symbiotic relationship with the Orchid. In return for the orchid providing a home for the ants, the ants would destroy parasites that would attack the orchid. The ants, fortunately, are not necessary for the plants to be healthy in your home. All the plants in the old Schomburgkia family looked a lot alike. The flower spikes would be several times the size of the plant often 6-8 feet long. The flowers were curly and concentrated at the end of the long flower spike. Mostly they formed a ball around the end of the spike. These hollow bulb plants were moved to a new family Myrmecophila. This loosely means ‘friends of ants’. These plants grow throughout the Caribbean. Some are endemic to only one island. Mothers will, in some countries, create a horn out of the hollow bulb, with which they wowould call their children home for meals. In the American old west, mothers would ring cow bells to call her family to dinner. Mothers are resourceful. They use whatever works. Some of the orchids in the old Schomburgkia classification had solid pseudobulbs. These have been moved to the family Laelia.
Maxillaria tenuifolia Lindl. 1837
Synonyms: Maxillaria gracilifolia Kraenzel 1927
Distribution: Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Niacaragua and Costa Rica
This is the famous Coconut Orchid, named for it’s distinct scent which will waft around the entire growing area with the most deliciously pleasant fragrance.
It is a medium sized, epiphyte or terrestrial with an erect growth habit found on trees in open or dense forests at low elevations up to 1500m. The flowers are well displayed and numerous on a large plant.
Grow these in bright light with plenty of fertilizer and water in the warmer months but rest through the winter months with no fertilizer and less water. Best grown on a slab of cork or treefern but will tolerate a pot if a coarse bark mix is used and given plenty of opportunity to climb vertically.
Maxillaria Tenuifolia Care
Miltonia clowesii is one of the so-called Brazilian miltonias, which includes the intermediate to warm growing species from Brazil. These are different from the Andean species that are cool-growing and are included in the genusMiltoniopsis and used to be called miltonias (well, if we think about the hybrids, they still are). Miltonia clowesii is one of the multifloral species, a group that contains most of the Brazilian miltonias, and this means that flowers are produced on long, upright species. Inside this group, the different species open their flowers at different rates of succession. As an example, Miltonia flavescens opens their flowers on a short succession and thus the inflorescences can have all the flowers open at the same time. Miltonia clowesii, on the other hand, represents the other extreme, that is, the flowers open in a very long succession. With this, inflorescences of Miltonia clowesiirarely have more than 2-3 flowers open at once, and by the time the last flowers open the first ones have already faded. This is not a very desirable feature of the species, but on the other hand the individual flowers are very attractive. Individual flowers are about 2″ or more tall and quite colorful. Miltonia clowesii, like most Brazilian miltonias, grows inside the coastal mountain forests, from just above sea level to more than 3000 ft. elevation. Continue reading
Species: Calypso bulbosa
Calypso bulbosa (commonly called the fairy slipper) is a species of orchid that is native to Washington. I am Brennan and I chose this plant because I grow orchids and I like this one the most of all of our native orchids in Washington. This plant’s growing habits are unique as it only has one leaf and the plant is partially mycoheterotrophic. I hope to see some of these within the next several years as they are one of the more common and noticible of the native orchids in our local area.
This plant’s roots are associated with mycorhizzal fungi from which they obtain some of their nutrients. This association with these microscopic fungi makes this orchid partially mycoheterotrophic. These plants consist of a single leaf at the base of the plant that is 2-6 centimetres long. This leaf dies back in the winter to an underground tuber. When the plant is not flowering the stem is short and not very noticeable. During flowering the stem lengthens to 5-20 centimetres in length. The flowers are white or pink-purple and 3-5 centimetres in length with a large lip that has a cluster of bristly hairs called a beard. The flowers can have a vanilla like scent. Like all orchids, the fruit type is a capsule. A single capsule contains 10,000-20,000 seeds.
Habitat and Range
The fairy slipper grows in undisturbed, coniferous forests and it only grows in soils with mycorhizzal fungi. These orchids can often be found in clumps. It grows in shade as it prefers cooler temperatures. This species has a huge range which stretches across Eurasia and Japan, reaches from Alaska to Newfoundland, and goes down through the western U.S., Great Lakes, Great plains, and New England.
In the winter the Calypso bulbosa is dormant, has no leaves or stems, and consists only of a tuber and a few roots. During the spring this orchid will start to grow new roots, a new leaf, a new tuber, and, if the plant is mature, usually an inflorescence with a flower. From April to July the stem will elongate and produce one flower (rarely two). The flower has yellow hairs on its lip called a beard, this deceives the pollinators causing them to think there is nectar there so they will pollinate the plant. The main pollinator is the bumblebee. If the flower is successfully pollinated a type of fruit called a capsule will result which carries 10,000-20,000 seeds. The capsule will mature in the fall. The seeds very rarely germinate (They are almost microscopic, have no endosperm, and require mycorhizzal fungi to germinate) , if they do it will take several years for them to mature. During the fall the leaf and stem of a plant will die back, the old tuber from the previous winter also dies; the next years growth will come from the newly produced tuber that began developing in spring. Occasionally, the Calypso bulbosa will propagate itself vegativly by producing a second new tuber in the spring.
The Calypso bulbosa has very little uses. The Chinese used to use it in their medicine for treatment as a nervous system stimulant and an antispasmatic. The tuber is edible though not commonly eaten, it is said to have a buttery like texture.
There are four varieties of Calypso bulbosa, the only species in its genus.
- Calypso bulbosa var. americana This variety is native to North America including Washington It has a vanilla scent. There are three formas of this variety. The first is Calypso bulbosa var. americana forma albiflora-it has a white flower with a yellow beard. The second forma is Calypso bulbosa var. americana forma biflora-it bears two purple on one inflorescence. The third is Calypso bulbosa var. americana forma rosea-it has a pink flower with a yellow lip.
- Calypso bulbosa var. occidentalis This variety also occurs in North America including Washington. It has two formas. The first is Calypso bulbosa var. occidentalis forma biflora-it has two pink flowers on one inflorescence. The second forma is Calypso bulbosa var. occidentalis forma nivea-it has a white flower with a white beard.
- Calypso bulbosa var bulbosa This is native to Eurasia
- Calypso bulbosa var speciosum This variety is native to Japan
Source : http://ecologyadventure2.edublogs.org/plant/calypso-bulbosa-2/
1. Curled Odontoglossum (Odontoglossum crispum)
Odontoglossum crispum adalah salah satu dari anggrek epifit cantik yang ditandai dengan kelopaknya berbentuk meringkuk dan berwarna merah-violet serta terdapat bercak pada kelopaknya.
2. Giant Ansellia (Ansellia Gigantea Nilotica)
Raksasa Ansellia/Giant Ansellia adalah anggrek yang besar dan tentu saja indah dalam bahasa ilmiah anggrek ini bernama Ansellia gigantean nilotica, tetapi juga kadang-kadang dikenal dengan nama lain dalam binomial, yaitu Ansellia Africana.
3. Sogo Cherry (Doritaenopsis)
Lady Slipper Orchid adalah bunga anggrek yang unik dan menawan yang ini spesies anggrek yang secara luas didistribusikan di seluruh dunia dari Pasifik melalui Asia dan juga ke Eropa.
5. Red Blood Odontoglossum (Odontoglossum cruentum)
Red Blood Odontoglossum adalah salah satu bunga anggrek yang paling unik yang ditandai dengan kelopak permukaan yang berkilau.
7. Schomburgkia Exaltata
Schomburgkia Exaltata adalah salah satu anggrek yang paling indah dan bunga-bunga merah muda cantik.
8. Maxillaria Tenuifolia
Maxillaria Tenuifolia memiliki warna cerah yang membuatnya menjadi salah satu bunga anggrek yang paling menarik dan paling indah.
9. Spider Orchid (Miltonia Clowesii)
Spider Orchid memiliki salah satu kombinasi warna yang paling unik di antara bunga-bunga anggrek.
10. Calypso Orchid (Calypso Bulbosa)